Category Archives: Admin

Force SSL

Want to deny non-SSL requests on your URL?

Add this to your VHost configs or .htaccess:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteRule ^ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301]

Connecting to a CalDAV Server with cURL

After installing Baikal as a CalDAV/CardDAV server, I tested the connectivity to this server with cURL. I used SSL with a self-signed certificate on the web server, authentification on the CalDAV server was set to DIGEST.

This is being reflected in the cURL request by using –insecure to address the self-signed certificate and –digest for the DIGEST authentification method, when requesting the username:

--request PROPFIND
--header "Content-Type: text/xml"
--header "Brief:t"
--data "<D:propfind xmlns:D='DAV:'><D:prop><D:displayname/></D:prop></D:propfind>"

USERNAME and PASSWORD are eponymous placeholders, the object in the URL path (cal.php/principals/USERNAME) is specific for Baikal server.

The result of this query:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 xmlns:cal="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:caldav" xmlns:cs=""
    <d:displayname>Ron Metten</d:displayname>
   <d:status>HTTP/1.1 200 OK</d:status>

Pruning the Ubuntu MRU

Imagine a situation, e.g. a kitchen review, where you don’t want your customer or colleague to see a list of you recently opened files, especially those files you opened for recreational purposes. In Ubuntu, this list is a XML file recently-used.xbel, located in the user directory under ~/.local/share.

This file consists of bookmarks:

  <bookmark href="file:///home/ron/Downloads/liferay-portal-6.1.1-ce-ga2/readme.html" added="2013-02-23T19:04:53Z" modified="2013-02-23T19:04:53Z" visited="2013-02-23T19:04:53Z">
      <metadata owner="">
        <mime:mime-type type="text/html"/>
          <bookmark:application name="nautilus" exec="'epiphany-browser %U'" modified="2013-02-23T19:04:53Z" count="1"/>

Pruning here is done by analyzing the file extension of the href attribute, let’s get rid of .flv and .mp4 entries:

 * Prunes the Ubuntu MRU file.
class MRUPruner

     * Dom object
     * @var DOMobject
    private $DOM;

     * XML file name
     * @var String
    private $XML;

     * Loads XML into the DOM
     * @param string $XML   XML File Name
    function __construct($XML) {
        $this->XML = $XML;
        $this->DOM = new DOMDocument();
    } // __construct()

     * Prunes MRU by applying filters
     * @uses DOM
    public function prune() {

        $elements = $this->DOM->getElementsByTagName('bookmark');
        $pruned = false;

        do {
            $pruned = true;
            foreach($elements as $element) {

                $tempDocument = new DOMDocument();
                $clonedElement = $element->cloneNode(true);
                $tempDocument->appendChild($tempDocument->importNode($clonedElement, true));

                $_href = $element->getAttribute('href');
                print $_href . PHP_EOL;

                // Delete:
                $pattern = '~.*\.(flv|mp4)$~i';
                if(preg_match($pattern, $_href) == 1) {
                    print '-->delete' . PHP_EOL;
                    $pruned = false;
                } // endif

                // another pattern block here...

            } // nexteach
        } while(!$pruned);

    } // prune()

} // class

$pruner = new MRUPruner('recently-used.xbel');

All nodes with these file extensions in the href attribute are removed from the document, the document is written back to the MRU file. The pattern block can be replaced or enhanced by another. This code does not handle the blank lines coming from deleting elements.

Remember: Use this at your own risk; Backup your data before you manipulate it.

P.S.: Being a dyed-in-the-wool data collector, I do not simply delete entries, but save them in a database for further analysis…

Where is Firebug in the Popup Window?

After updating Firefox & co. on Ubuntu from the repositories, Firebug came with version 1.11.0 again with a recurring bug: Firebug was not available in Popup windows.

This bug was recently fixed (as described in fbug), but the fix is not in the release avaible from the Ubuntu repositories.

Fortunately, firebug can easily be built from source.

Get the source:

$ git clone git://

In the extensions/ directory, check install.rdf for the source version (it worked for me with this version):


The fix can be identified in the extension/bootstrap.js file (around line 72), but actually covers more lines than displayed here.

// Listen for new windows, Firebug must be loaded into them too.
- Services.ww.registerNotification(windowWatcher);
+ Services.obs.addObserver(windowWatcher, "chrome-document-global-created", false);

Now build Firebug using ant:

ron@ron:~/firebug/extension$ ant
Buildfile: ~/firebug/extension/build.xml
     [echo] Firebug version: 1.11.0a4 in ./release
Total time: 4 seconds

Finally install firebug/extension/release/firebug-1.11.0a4.xpi by opening it with Firefox, and hopefully enjoy Firebug in Popup windows.